Lifetime attributable risks from external and internal exposure to radiation: method for estimating

«Radiation and Risk», 2018, vol. 27, No. 1, pp.8-21

DOI: 10.21870/0131-3878-2018-27-1-8-21


Menyajlo A.N. – Senior Researcher, C. Sc., Biol. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk. Contacts: 4 Korolyov str., Obninsk, Kaluga region, Russia, 249036. Tel.: (484) 399-32-60; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
Chekin S.Yu. – Head of Lab. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk
Kashcheev V.V. – Head of Lab., C. Sc., Biol. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk
Maksioutov M.A. – Head of Dep., C. Sc., Tech. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk
Korelo A.M. – Senior Researcher. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk
Tumanov K.А. – Head of Lab., C. Sc., Biol. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk.
Pryakhin E.A. – Researcher. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk.
Lovachev S.S. – Research Assistant. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk.
Karpenko S.V. – Engineer. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk.
Kashcheeva P.V. – Senior Researcher, C. Sc., Biol. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk.
Ivanov V.K. – Deputy Director, Chairman of RSCRP, Corresponding Member of RAS. A. Tsyb MRRC, Obninsk.


The article presents the method for estimating lifetime attributable risk from external and internal exposure to radiation with account of the sex and age of an exposed person. The method was developed to adhere to the principle of socially acceptable risk. By the Russian radiation safety standards the acceptable individual lifetime risk in the population and workers from planned exposure to radiation should not exceed 5·10-5 and 1·10-3 respectively; limits and constraints were standardized using ICRP nominal risk coefficients, calculated for a composite population. However, these coefficients cannot be used for making prediction of effects of radiological events on a real population. To justify radiation dose limits, established in valid Russian safety standards, ICRP models, described in the Publication 103, were used. Therefore, it is reasonable to use the models recommended by ICRP for estimating radiation risks in the Russian population. The presented method for estimating lifetime attributable risk developed in accordance with international recommendations is the scientific support to the principle of socially acceptable radiation risk in the Russian population. Calculated risk assessments are used for predicting radiation effects on human health as a result of planned, existing and emergency exposure. The method can be useful tool for radiological protection and radiation hygiene experts, referring medical practitioners and radiologists, medical physicists and radiobiologists.

Key words
Russian population, radiation safety, RSS-99/2009, principle of socially acceptable risk, radiation risk, radiobiological effects, radiation associated cancer diseases, ICRP radiation risk models, ICRP dose coefficients, route of radionuclides entry into a human body, external exposure, internal exposure, radionuclides, AMAD, committed effective dose, equivalent dose.


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