Malignant neoplasms in workers of radiochemical facility exposed to radiation at doses exceeded permissible (epidemiological study)

"Radiation and Risk", 2000, Special Issue, pp.145-149
Selected articles from the journal "Bulletin of Radiation Medicine", 1990, No. 1, pp. 18-24


Okladnikova N.D., Moroz G.S., Koshurnikova N.A., Bikmurzin R.K., Erokhin R.A., Ternovsky I.A.


Rate of malignant neoplasm morbidity among workers of radiochemical facility who had been exposed to radiation at doses exceeded permissible level (main group) in comparison with morbidity rate of urban residents of relevant age and sex (control group) was studied. Reliable excess of the rate in the basic group was found. The study detected difference in the structure of malignant tumours, the main contribution to dose in patients with tumours of a skeleton, lung, liver was made by incorporated 239Pu. It was first shown that the rate of tumours of thorax, pancreas, kidney in the professionals exceeded one in the control group.

Key words
Frequency of cases, malignant tumors, workers, radiochemical enterprise, radiation exposure, doses, skeletal, lung and liver tumors, internal irradiation, incorporated 239Pu.


1. Malignant neoplasms in workers of a radiochemical enterprise exposed to external or combined radiation effects in small doses: Report on research. FIB-1. Moroz G.S. Inv. No. 1235с. 1982. 90 p.

2. Incidence of cancer of lung workers in a radiochemical enterprise exposed to external or combined radiation exposure in doses exceeding permissible. Moroz G.S., Okladnikova N.D., Koshurnikova N.A., Ternovskii I.A. et al. Problems of labor and environment protection at nuclear industry enterprises. Ed. L.A.Buldakova, F.D. Tretyakova. M., 1986. Issue. 1. PP. 176-184.

3. Koshurnikova N. Remote consequences of inhalation of plutonium-239 in humans and animals: Dis. Doct. Med. Sci. M., 1978. 435 p.

4. Methodical instructions "Retrospective study of mortality from malignant neoplasms in connection with the possible effect of production factors." Research Institute of Occupational Health and Occupational Diseases. Sverdlovsk, 1980. 21 p

5. Moroz G.S. Malignant neoplasms in persons subjected to occupational exposure: Dis Doct. Med. Sci. M., 1975. 354 p.

6. UNSCEAR. Radiation carcinogenesis in the experiment. 1975. 141 p.

7. UNSCEAR. Radiation carcinogenesis in humans. 1976. 95 p.

8. UNSCEAR. Radiation carcinogenesis in humans. 1985. 83 p.

9. Evaluation of the effect of radiation as one of the risk factors for the development of tumors in humans: Report on research. FIB-1. L.A. Buldakov, P.F. Voronin, V.N. Doschenko and others. Inv. No. 1033c. M., 1976. 125 p.

10. Streltsova V.N., Moskalev Yu.I. Blastomogenic effect of ionizing radiation. M., 1964. 384 p.

Full-text article (in Russian)